What can you do when you're in debt? Find out how to manage your debt and where to seek help when you need it.
- Prioritise and pay off the debts with the highest interest rates first.
- Discipline and a changed mindset can break bad money habits.
- If you have problems keeping up payments, talk to your bank.
The weight of debt can add emotional, relational and financial stress to our lives.
Good money habits can help you avoid falling into the debt trap. This is important as a good credit repayment history makes it easier for you to obtain credit and qualify for loans when you really need it.
Avoiding the debt trap
Here are some ways you can tweak your habits to avoid or reduce debt.
When paying your bills or loans:
- Pay off high-interest loans and credit facilities first
- Use GIRO to automatically pay your bills, so you don't forget to make payments
- Avoid credit card fees and charges by paying your bills in full before the due date
When spending money:
- Save up for big ticket items instead of buying on instalment
- Don't shop on impulse; compare prices before buying
- Use cash or a debit card to shop
- Avoid people who pressure you to spend
Paying off your debts
If you're having problems with your cash flow, you can take steps to better manage your debt:
- Draw up a budget – List out your monthly income and family expenses, and see what expenses you can trim to repay your debts faster. Cut out indulgences like eating out or going to the movies if you have trouble paying your bills. Tip: Use the Budget Calculator to help you along.
- Review your debts– Avoid having many sources of credit. It is easier to keep track of repayments when you have fewer credit facilities.
- Pay on time – Make your repayments on time to avoid interest and late charges. If you have difficulty making the repayments, talk to your bank.
- Pay more if you can – Increase your regular repayments or make lump sum payments when you have money to spare. It will help you pay off your debt sooner. Check if there are penalty charges or if you need to give your bank advance notice.
Pay off the debt with the highest interest first – If you have credit card debt, other unsecured loans or instalment plans, follow these steps to pay them off as quickly as possible. Repeat until your debts are paid off:
- Order your outstanding loans by interest rates.
- Pay off the full amount with the highest interest rate.
- If you have trouble paying the full amount, pay it off in parts. Save and pay till it's paid off.
- Go back to Step 1 and start over. Keep going till you pay off all your loans.
What if you can't pay?
Speak to your bank immediately. They may be able to help you restructure your payments.
If you can't keep up with repayments:
- Your credit score will be affected. Your credit score forms part of your credit report which is used by banks to decide whether to lend you money.
- Late payments may lower your chances of getting a loan in the future, or require you to pay a higher interest rate for a loan.
- The bank will take increasingly severe measures if you ignore them.
See also: Rules on unsecured credit: What it means for you
Work with your bank
Do not avoid calls or letters from your bank, its lawyers or debt collectors. Talk to them as soon as possible. Remain co-operative and contactable. If you are co-operative, your bank is more likely to help you restructure your payment schedule.
If you have multiple debts
Don't give up – you can improve your debt situation. Here are steps you can take:
- Get a credit report and assess the total amount of debt you owe.
- Talk to your financial institution. See if you can convert your outstanding credit and unsecured loans into a debt repayment plan, where you can repay your debt by instalments.
- Do not borrow from other sources to pay off your debts without first comparing the interest charges and fees.
- Refrain from charging more to your credit cards or drawing down on your unsecured loans. Give up your cards and your credit lines!
- Pay the debts which incur higher interest first, but look out for penalties.
Where to get help
You can do the following:
- Contact Credit Counselling Singapore for help to resolve your debt problems.
- Apply for a Debt Consolidation Plan, if you have unsecured debts exceeding 12 times your monthly income. Your debts from different banks will be consolidated with one of the participating banks at a lower interest rate.
Debt Consolidation Plan (DCP)
If you're heavily in debt, a Debt Consolidation Plan (DCP) could help you turn things around. DCP is an industry-initiated debt-refinancing programme. It will help you clear your debt if you have unsecured debts of more than 12 times your monthly income.
How it works
With this plan:
- Your outstanding unsecured debts from different banks are moved to one bank.
- The interest rate will be lower. You're committed to making fixed monthly repayments until you repay all outstanding balances.
- Except for education, medical or business loans, you can't use your existing unsecured credit facilities or get new ones anymore. Instead, you'll receive a concessionary revolving unsecured credit facility in the form of a credit card. It comes with a credit limit of 1 month's income for your daily needs.
Infographic: How a Debt Consolidation Plan may help improve your debt situation
Who can apply for DCP?
You can apply for DCP if you meet these criteria:
- You're a Singaporean or Permanent Resident
- Earn a salary between $20,000 and $120,000 a year
- Have net personal assets of less than $2 million
- Have unsecured debts exceeding 12 times your monthly income
Find out more about DCP
For more details on DCP or the participating banks, ask your bank or visit the Association of Banks in Singapore website.